Pterygium diagnosis and management is of importance to most practising ophthalmologists. It is particularly more common in areas of high ultra-violet light exposure. This 4 part series addresses the specifics of pterygia including documentation of features, surgical decision making, surgical techniques for enhanced outcomes and post-operative care. The aim is no recurrence and a normal cosmetic appearance. I would like to acknowledge Professor Lawrence Hirst for his dedication to the study of pterygia and has taught myself so much of what I now practice and refer to in this video series.